Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Status

ACT Status

ACT Chief Health Officers Report 2014

Section 8.2 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples

At a glance

  • 79.5% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander residents reported their health to be good to excellent in 2012-13.
  • Tobacco use by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander residents is consistently significantly higher than that reported by other ACT residents.
  • Significantly more Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students reported having ever smoked than other ACT students.
  • Significantly more Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander secondary students reported having ever used an illicit substance in their lifetime than their ACT counterparts.
  • Both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males and females were hospitalised for chronic kidney disease at around four times the rate of other ACT males and females in the ACT, but hospitalisation rates for dialysis and chronic kidney disease were lower in the ACT than nationally.
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples were hospitalised at almost four times the rate of their ACT counterparts for diabetes, and almost twice the rate for circulatory diseases. They were hospitalised at twice (2.2 times) the rate for chronic conditions, 1.7 times the rate for acute conditions, and 1.6 times the rate for vaccine-preventable conditions.
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people had significantly more potentially preventable hospital admissions (33.7 per 1,000 population) than their other ACT counterparts (17.4), but this rate was much lower than for NSW, Vic, Qld, WA, SA & NT combined (137).
  • Low birthweight is more than twice as common among babies born of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers as among babies of other mothers in the ACT (13% compared with 5%) during 2007-11.

ACT Chief Health Officers Report 2012

Section 7.1 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples

At a glance

  • Tobacco use by ACT Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander residents is consistently
    significantly higher than that reported by other ACT residents;
  • Of the 3,029 hospital separations for ACT residents who identified as Aboriginal and Torres
    Strait Islander between in 2008-10, over a third were for renal dialysis;
  • Nearly two per cent (1.7%) of ACT resident women who gave birth in 2009 identified as
    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander. They gave birth at younger ages (less than 20 years)
    with the teenage fertility rate being four times higher than for other ACT women;
  • Over half of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women reported smoking during
    pregnancy in 2009 (50.6%); and
  • The percentage of babies born to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women who were low
    birthweight was significantly higher for each three year period between 2000 and 2008, than
    the percentage of low birthweight babies born to other ACT women.

ACT Chief Health Officers Report 2010

Section 8.2 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples experience significantly more ill health than other Australians. They typically have lower life expectancy and experience poorer heath across a range of indicators compared to other Australians.

Survey results give some indication of health status. In 2004-05, long term health conditions were reported by 82.3% of ACT Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders, with the age-standardised rates being similar for males and females. The most frequently reported long-term health conditions were eye or sight problems (37.9%), asthma (18.0%) and ear and hearing problems (14.5%).

The Health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in the ACT 2006-2011, Epidemiology Section, Population Health, Health Directorate

Overview

The ACT Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population has a younger age structure than the total population in the ACT. In 2011, over half (55%) of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population were aged 24 years or less compared to 33% in the ACT population. Two per cent of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in the ACT were aged over 55 years in 2011 compared to 11% of the ACT population.

The median age of ACT Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples was 22 years compared with 35 years for ACT residents.

ACT Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander residents had higher incomes, higher education and higher housing costs compared with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples nationally.

The Health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in the ACT 2000-2005, Population Health Research Centre, Population Health, Health Directorate

This publication provides an overview of the health status of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in the ACT. The information included has been drawn from a range of sources including national surveys and data collections and Health Directorate administrative data collections. For the first time, the sample size for the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey 2004-05 (NATSIHS) was sufficient to allow State and Territory level estimates to be calculated for some indicators.

The People of the Australian Capital Territory, Statistics from the 2011 Census

The People of the Australian Capital Territory publication is presented in four sections, covering three broad geographical areas around which the data is arranged:

  • Section 1 - Australian overview.
  • Section 2 - The Australian Capital Territory overview.
  • Section 3 - The Australian Capital Territory by Statistical Sub-Division.

National Status

National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, 2008

This publication presents summary results from the 2008 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS). The survey was conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) from August 2008 to April 2009, collecting information from approximately 13,300 Indigenous Australians living in private dwellings in remote and non-remote areas, including discrete communities.

Link: National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey 2008

Overview of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Status, HealthInfoNet, 2012

The overview provides a comprehensive summary of the most recent indicators of the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.