ACT Government Health Directorate urges Canberrans to get their annual flu shot, if they have not already done so, to help stop the spread of the infection.
The influenza virus is easily passed from person to person through the air by droplets and small particles when infected individuals cough or sneeze.
In general, antibiotics are not useful for these viral infections, unless there were other complicating infections.
Vaccination is the principal measure for preventing influenza and reducing the impact of outbreaks.
Other ways of preventing the spread of the disease are to use simple measures like covering your nose or mouth when you sneeze or cough, washing your hands regularly, disposing of tissues as soon as you use them and keeping a reasonable distance from people who have the infection.
When to see your doctor or visit your local hospital
Most children with minor coughs and colds do not need to be seen urgently by their doctor or emergency department.
However, you must see your doctor or attend the emergency department quickly if the child has had a cough or cold for the last day or so, and develops ANY of the following symptoms:
- a high temperature >39 degrees celsius that does not come down with paracetamol or similar medication or
- fast breathing or
- wheeze or difficulty breathing or
- lethargy/unusual sleepiness or
- vomiting and dehydration or
- blueness around the lips.